54" / 137 cm
13.1 oz yd2 / 444 gm m2
40,000 Martindale 1
This fabric will tighten up just a bit when first washed, and lose a bit of its lustre; becoming slightly more matte. Shrinkage is about 8% in length only if washed in cool water and line or air dried.
Columbia is named after the Columbia River, the largest river in the Pacific Northwest. It is the fourth-largest river in the United States and has the greatest flow of any North American river draining into the Pacific. The river system hosts many species of anadromous fish, which migrate between fresh water habitats and the Pacific Ocean. These fish—especially salmon—provided the core subsistence for native peoples; in past centuries, traders from across western North America traveled to the Columbia to trade for fish.
Columbia, the fabric, is an extraordinarily soft yet strong and supple fabric. The viscose fibers give it a subtle shimmer which means it can be dressed up or down. Whether it's for story time, naptime or cocktail time, count on Columbia to be a stress free fabric that's easy to love.
Columbia is Oeko-Tex 100 certified. Oeko-Tex is one of the oldest third party certifications, launched in 1992. Its aim is to ensure that products pose no risk to human health.
The Oeko-Tex Standard 100 tests only the end product. Processing is not addressed, for example, wastewater treatment is not included, nor are workers rights addressed. It is NOT an organic certification and products bearing this mark are not necessarily made from organically grown fibers. Oeko-Tex is only concerned with the safety of the final product.
The certification process includes thorough testing for a lengthy list of chemicals, including all of the chemicals of concern, among which are lead, antimony, arsenic, phthalates, pesticides, and chlorinated phenols. The official table of limits for tested chemicals may be found on the Oeko-Tex website.
Specifically banned are:
Textile products bearing the Oeko-Tex 100 certification mark, in addition to being safe to use, have a skin friendly pH. Skin's natural pH is a tad acidic, and when it's eroded your defenses are down, leaving you vulnerable to bacteria, moisture loss, and irritation. Oeko-Tex certified fabrics will not create these stresses. And the fabrics will feel lovely against your skin.
1For a discussion of what the abrasion ratings mean, please click here.
2People are often not familiar with the fiber, viscose. For an explanation of what viscose is, click here.